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qy288.vip千亿国际

时间:2019-03-14 15:12:44 作者:


  语言是博大精深的,谚语闪耀着各个国家的艺术特色,那么英语谚语可以怎样进行qy288.vip千亿国际呢?今天医学qy288.vip千亿国际公司带大家了解一下。

  Language is broad and profound, proverbs shine with the artistic characteristics of various countries, so how can English proverbs be translated? Today, the Medical Translation Company takes you to know about it.

  1、直译法

  1. Literal translation

  直译法不仅能够传达英语谚语中所承载的文化信息,而且能产生较高的文化信息传递的有效度,同时还保留了英语谚语的民族色彩和文化特点,使中国读者能更好地感觉英语文化。这种译法是把忠实于原文内容放在第一位,把忠实于原文形式放在第二位,把通顺的译文形式放在第三位。

  Literal translation can not only convey the cultural information contained in English proverbs, but also produce a higher efficiency of cultural information transmission. At the same time, it retains the national color and cultural characteristics of English proverbs, so that Chinese readers can feel English culture better. This method of translation puts faithfulness to the content of the original text in the first place, faithfulness to the form of the original text in the second place, and fluency in the form of the translation in the third place.

  2、意译法

  2. Free Translation

  有些英语谚语的表达方式因含有英语国家所特有的历史典故或文化背景,在直译过来后,中国读者很难理解。采取意译,即舍弃原文形象、比喻,抓住内容、喻义,结合上下文灵活传达原意。这种译法是把忠实于原文的内容放在第一位,把通顺的译文形式放在第二位,而不拘泥于原文形式放在第三位。

  Some English proverbs contain historical allusions or cultural backgrounds peculiar to English-speaking countries. It is difficult for Chinese readers to understand them after literal translation. To adopt free translation means to abandon the image and metaphor of the original text, grasp the content and meaning, and convey the original meaning flexibly in combination with the context. This translation method puts the content of faithfulness to the original text in the first place, and the smooth form of translation in the second place, rather than sticking to the form of the original text in the third place.

  3、反译法

  3. Anti-translation

  所谓反译法就是指原文从正面表达的,译文可以从反面着笔qy288.vip千亿国际。一些用肯定形式的英语谚语,往往有否定的含义;另一些用否定形式的英语谚语,往往有肯定的含义。这些英语谚语在汉译时一般要用反译法来处理。

  The so-called reverse translation means that the original text is expressed from the positive side, and the translation can be translated from the negative side. Some English proverbs in positive form often have negative meanings; others in negative form often have positive meanings. These English proverbs are usually translated into Chinese by means of retranslation.

  4、对应借译法

  4. Corresponding Loan Translation

  有些英语谚语和汉语谚语在表现形式和含义方面是一致的或基本一致的。汉译这些英语谚语时,可借用与其喻义相同或相近的谚语直接对译。这样不但可以比较好地保持原文的神韵和形式,又使译文易于为中国读者接受。

  Some English proverbs and Chinese proverbs are identical in form and meaning. When translating these English proverbs into Chinese, they can be translated directly by borrowing proverbs with the same or similar metaphorical meanings. In this way, not only the verve and form of the original text can be well maintained, but also the translation can be easily accepted by Chinese readers.

  5、前后倒译法

  5. Back-and-forth Translation

  由于英汉两种语言的语法规则和语序排列的不同,在qy288.vip千亿国际时将结尾部分移到前面,或者将前一部分移到后面,这种调整称作倒译。英语谚语汉译时,其译文不但达意,而且十分流畅优美。

  Due to the differences in grammatical rules and word order between English and Chinese, it is called retranslation to move the ending part to the front or the former part to the back when translating. When English proverbs are translated into Chinese, their translation is not only expressive, but also very smooth and graceful.

  6、增词加注法

  6. Addition and annotation

  有些英语谚语带有浓厚的民族色彩、地方色彩或具有典故性质,汉译时必须加注才能把意思交代清楚愿意,这种qy288.vip千亿国际法叫做增词加注法。

  Some English proverbs have strong national color, local color or allusive nature. It is necessary to add annotations in Chinese translation to make the meaning clear and willing. This translation method is called adding words and annotations.

  7、直译兼意译法

  7. Literal and free translation

  有时在qy288.vip千亿国际英语谚语时,单纯的直译或意译都不能确切、有效地表达原来谚语的含义。这时可采用直译、意译相结合的方法进行qy288.vip千亿国际,以弥补直译难达意,意译难传神的不足。在直译后再加上谚语的真实含义,以期收到画龙点睛的效果。

  Sometimes when translating English proverbs, neither literal translation nor free translation can express the meaning of the original proverbs accurately and effectively. At this time, literal translation and free translation can be combined to make up for the inadequacy of literal translation and free translation. After literal translation, the true meaning of proverbs is added in order to get the finishing touch.

  8、同义谚语套用法

  8. Synonymous Proverbs

  英语谚语和汉语谚语虽然属于不同的文化体系,但有的英语谚语和汉语谚语在内容和形式上都相符合,双方不但有相同的意义和修辞色彩,并且有相同的或大体相同的形象比喻。

  Although English proverbs and Chinese proverbs belong to different cultural systems, some English proverbs and Chinese proverbs are consistent in content and form. They not only have the same meaning and rhetoric, but also have the same or generally the same image metaphor.

中译国际qy288.vip千亿国际(北京)有限公司
China International Translation service Co., Ltd.

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